San Diego is located in the southwest corner of the United States, minutes away from the international border with Mexico. San Diego has a population of over 1,300,000 and is the eighth most populous city in the United States. San Diego has a large deep water harbor, a mild Mediterranean climate, beautiful beaches and a diverse economy centered around the military, healthcare and biomedical industries.
A History of San Diego
SAN DIEGO’S EARLY HISTORY
The San Diego Region has been inhabited for twelve thousand years by the indigenous Kumeyaay tribe of native Americans. The Kumeyaay were seasonally nomadic and had many places of residence. They would move around the county, traveling to the coast, mountains and deserts as the the seasons changed and resources dictated. They were a wise and resourceful people, acutely attuned to nature and their environment. Many major San Diego roads and streets were initially Kumeyaay traveling trails. Examples would be Interstate 8, which in San Diego is called the “Kumeyyay Highway” and Rosecrans Street which was the La Playa Trail. The Kumeyaay used these trails to move to their seasonal food sources and residences for thousands of years.
THE SPANISH YEARS
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovered the area for Spain in 1542 and called it San Miguel. This was changed years later to San Diego by explorer Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602. In 1769 the first European settlement was established at Fort Presido by by Gasper de Portola.The same year, the first of twenty one California missions, Mission San Diego de Acala was founded by Franciscan friar Junipero Serra. In 1821 San Diego became part of of the newly independent nation of Mexico as part of the State of Alta California. After the Mexican-American War and the Treaty Of Guadalupe Hildalgo in1848, California and San Diego joined the United States as the 31st. state in 1850.
SAN DIEGO IN TRANSITION
The area below Fort Presidio, the small town of San Diego, became the seat of the local government. In the 1860s, under the influence William Heath Davis and later Alonzo Horton, a “New Town” was created to be nearer the water to take advantage of one of the world best natural harbors for the shipping trade. A pier was created, an army post was established and a few residences were built. By 1880 New Town had surpassed Old Town and took over as the city center.
SAN DIEGO IN THE 20TH CENTURY
In 1915 the Panama-California Exposition was held in Balboa Park. Many of those Spanish-stye buildings that were built at that time are the basis for the present historical center of Balboa Park. The Exhibition’s exotic animal collection became the beginnings of the San Diego Zoo. The 1915 Exposition also spurred development of a street car line that connected the city until it was removed in 1939. The United States Navy started establishing bases in the early 1900s and the area is home to a significant number of military installations including the Naval Base San Diego, the home of the United States Pacific Fleet and MCRD, the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, which is the Marine Corps west coast training base .The city was also home to early aeronautical firms such as Convair and Ryan Aeronautical. Charles Lindberg’s Spirit of St/ Louis was built at Ryan Airlines in the 1927. San Diego grew significantly during WWII due to all the military and defense related industries and it continues to grow after the war as many of the workers, sailors and marines had grown to love the city and settled down to raise families.
SAN DIEGO’S ECONOMY DIVERSIFIES
San Diego experienced economic setbacks with the resolution of the Cold War in the 1980s. Many of the defense related companies relocated, consolidated or failed. This downturn affected San Diego greatly, but lead to present day San Diego’s healthy and diverse economic mix of healthcare, biomedical, software, educational and military industries.
San Diego is known for it’s leading universities, the University of California at San Diego, San Diego State University and the University of San Diego. Other famous companies and institutions are the San Diego Zoological Society, Seaworld, Balboa Park, The United States Navy and Marine Corps, Qualcomm, Nokia, Kyocera and the football Chargers and the baseball Padres.
Due to it’s great weather and it’s coastal location, San Diego also has a huge vacation and resort industry. It’s home to the venerable Hotel Del Coronado of the “Some Like It Hot” movie fame and The Lodge at Torrey Pines with it’s Craftsman-style hotel sited at the famous golf course. There are over 70 golf courses in San Diego County.
San Diego is also home to one of the world’s centers for craft beer. Hundreds of complex and exciting beers are brewed in San Diego with many local pubs serving beer specific to that location.There are several companies that specialize in craft beer tours and tastings.
San Diego has a thriving cultural community with the Old Globe Theater and the La Jolla Playhouse hosting many Tony Award winning first run productions. It’s also the home of the San Diego Symphony and the San Diego Opera. Balboa Park has the San Diego Museum of Art and the Photographic Museum. The Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego is centered in La Jolla with a smaller exhibition hall in the Santa Fe Depot downtown.
SAN DIEGO HOMES
San Diego City has over 100 neighborhoods. These neighborhoods are so different, ranging from urban high-rise condominiums to tidy tree lined streets. From sprawling ranches, to beachfront cottages, new and old, many with diverse and varied architectural styles.
Give Me a Call or Drop Me a Line
Please feel free to contact me with questions about selling your home, or buying a new one.
I look forward to hearing from you soon. Thank you!
Brad Herrin-Realtor Associate
888 W. Ash Street
San Diego, CA 92101
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